Deceased For A Month, She Gives Birth To A Little Girl

What are the limits of morality and ethics? This is a question that doctors have been facing for decades, especially when a baby's life is at stake. Mother sick and fetuses at risk, how do you determine the chances of survival of the baby? Relayed by Le Point, the shocking story of Idil Jimcaala sheds light on the subject.

In the case of complicated pregnancies, determining the chances of a baby's survival is a decision with serious consequences, unfortunately, thousands of families are confronted with it. Taking the "right" decision is a tough dilemma that rests on the shoulders of doctors and family ...

Deceased For A Month, She Gives Birth To A Little Girl

Survival and ethical issues
The problem usually arises when the mother or fetus has signs of serious illness. Physicians must then assess the situation to find out how a treatment might be administered. As the University of Washington's School of Medicine explains, the key issue is to maintain this ethical balance between treating the sick person and not harming the health of the other person. Indeed, the mother-fetus dyad has long been considered as a unique complex patient. However, the most difficult medical cases move away from this model of unity linking the mother and the child and give rise to controversial ethical considerations in which the child's health is considered in a unique and separate way.

Faced with this dilemma, it is difficult to identify a good and a bad answer since in each case, the health of the other is in danger. Unfortunately, some extreme cases involve other considerations in which the mother's state of health is irreversible and the decision is then made on the fetus and its chances of survival. Indeed, how do you know if the baby can survive when his mother has lost all chances?

State of viability of the fetus
Moral issues do not end when it comes to determining the status of a fetus under development. Whether in the case of abortion or the viability of abortion, the debate is inflamed and positions are many and varied. Indeed, each person expresses an opinion based on their own beliefs and beliefs and it is difficult, if not impossible, to decide in favor of one side or the other.

According to Dominic Wilkison, a neonatologist and ethicist, the health of the fetus must be judged by its chances of survival and the possible complications that might follow in terms of the health of the fetus. As he explains in The Journal of Childhood and Pediatric Health, some situations are decided.When the health status of the fetus is clearly good or bad, it facilitates decision making regarding his birth. Where the dilemma arises is when the fetus is in what Dr. Wilkison calls the gray zone. In other words, the fetal health status and chances of survival are difficult to identify, in which case the parents' wish is crucial in decision-making.

A miracle baby
It was in Italy that this story made headlines: the miraculous birth of this baby whose mother was clinically dead. The story took place in Turin at Sant'Anna Hospital, where the medical profession had to face an extremely difficult choice. In fact, Idil Jimcaala, a 28-year-old Somali girl, was suffering from terminal cancer and was in her fifth month of pregnancy.

In July 2010, the days of this young mother, suffering from a brain tumor, are counted and those of her baby too. Two months after admission to the hospital, the young woman reaches the point of no return and the brain death is declared. Yet doctors keep hope and fight to save the baby. In agreement with Issa, husband and future dad, they place the mother under artificial coma and extend the maximum development in utero of his future daughter. Thanks to the machines which maintain a correct functioning of her organs, the young mother gives without knowing it an additional chance to the survival of her baby.

Nearly a month later, the state of Idil is suddenly deteriorating; Mom is about to let go. Faced with the urgency of the situation, the doctors make the decision to perform a caesarean section to save the baby.

To the delight of doctors and dad, the premature baby is finally doing well and will need only a few days of neonatal and intensive care surveillance.
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