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Congratulations: He Is The First Down's Owner Of A Restaurant

Genetics keeps mysteries and among them we find chromosomal abnormalities. This results in one more chromosome in a pair. So they are 3 instead of 2 on the 21st pair. Although it may seem trivial, this extra chromosome has very important impacts in the development of the child. Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome is at the origin of today's story that comes straight from the other side of the Atlantic.

Trisomy 21 is detected from the fourth month of pregnancy. The blood test calculates the risk of the fetus carrying a trisomy 21. Amniocentesis gives a result of abnormality (95% of women decide to abort). This examination is not without risk since it causes 0.5 to 1% of miscarriages. This chromosomal anomaly has several effects on the baby's life. There are no treatments however the advanced age of the pregnant mother increases the risk of Trisomy 21.

He is the first owner of Down Syndrome restaurant

The consequences of trisomy 21
There are 50,000 people with Down Syndrome 21 in France, making it the most common chromosomal aberration. Physically and intellectually, this complementary chromosome has several consequences:

  • Decreased muscle tone (hypotonia),
  • Joint hyperlaxity,
  • Evocative rounded face with a smaller facies (head, neck, nose, mouth, ears and teeth), slanted eyes with obliquely slanted eyelids and an iris spotted with slightly colored spots (Brushfield stains),
  • Abdomen voluminous,
  • Small hands with a single palmar crease, short fingers, short, stocky feet,
  • Cardiac malformations (in 40% of trisomics, the development of the heart is incomplete) and digestive,
  • Malformations of the urinary and ocular system (strabismus ...),
  • Greater sensitivity to infections,
  • Intellectual disability varies according to the individual with a mean intelligence quotient decreased by about half.
  • The global attainment of intellectual functions does not allow complete socialization despite their friendly and jovial nature.


The story of Tim Harris
Tim Harris was the first restaurant owner with Down Syndrome around the world. This sucess story made in the USA hides a story full of courage and self-denial. From birth, Tim was diagnosed with Down Syndrome. His parents had to face the eyes of others and the reluctance of schools. Tim's mother, Jeannie, was keen to respond to these pessimists by saying that "Tim would become the man he wanted and that he would study like everyone else." He was able to study in a normal school. The usual signs of Down's Syndrome such as hugs to her classmates attracted mockery. Tim has always wanted to become a cook and worked in a café while pursuing his general studies at the university. The mockery has not stopped. Once he graduated, he scoured the city to find a job in a restaurant. Her dream of cooking in her own restaurant was always pegged to her body.

His parents followed him and after saving for 4 years, they made the decision to buy a restaurant in Tacos. Tim made his mockery a strength and showed the map a unique dish called "Luv". In his restaurant, customers accepted Tim's hug without mockery. He loved to say "the food is the food. People are more important.

Tim became the Down Syndrome's ambassador at the 2012 Paralympic Games. The delegation was received at Maison Blache where Barack Obama asked Tim Harris to offer him his "famous hug".

He is the first owner of Down Syndrome restaurant

Since Tim closed his restaurant to follow the love. After a few years of happiness, his couple broke up and Tim returned to live with his parents. He now works in a new restaurant and manages his foundation.

Things are moving forward
In spite of the intellectual disabilities, Down Syndicates join ULIS classrooms of classical schools or IMEs (Institut-Médico-éducatifs). They can also be accompanied by AESH (Accompanying Students in Disability) and are enrolled in personalized schooling projects that may include care (physiotherapy, multidisciplinary team, ...). Trisomy France 21 and 20% of parents note the lack of further training of teachers concerning disability situations. The parents also regretted that a departure from an AESH led to the return of the child with Down Syndrome. They advocate for inclusive schooling. From a life expectancy perspective of a child with Down Syndrome, she went from 20 years in 1950 to 60 years today. Ongoing research aims to decrease intellectual disability by improving IQ. This should make it possible to make 4,000 of the 50,000 with Down syndrome fully autonomous and 25,000 against the current 1,500.
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